Building A High Performance Tactical Income Strategy

The initial version of our Adaptive Income Strategy was an attempt to see what could be done with a very simple fund basket using Adaptive Dynamic Momentum and our recently upgraded Tactical Model. The results turned out better than expected. When a subscriber asked about a fixed income strategy, I made it available and a number of us have been using it for some months now.

While the volatility was within acceptable range, I felt that it could be significantly improved in both Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) and Maximum Monthly Drawdown (MaxMD). That led to development of the upgraded Adaptive Income Strategy which rings the bells on both high performance (11.1% full cycle CAGR) and very low drawdowns (2.9% full cycle MaxMD). Development of the Adaptive Income Strategy required the addition of several new features to the Tactical Model. The most exciting addition is the ability to optimize and extend fund holding periods by giving existing holdings priority for the next rebalance as long as expected performance is not impaired.

Work on the Adaptive Income Strategy required setting aside development work to improve the Market Conditions Model which is fairly well along but requires some finishing touches followed by extensive testing. I expect to release it late Summer or early Fall. A project is in the concept stage is a new strategy which will focus the capabilities of our Market Conditions and Tactical Models on sectors within high tech to provide lower-risk exposure to sectors and industries which lead our economy.

Now on to our story about building the Tactical Adaptive Income Strategy.

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I will be rolling out upgrades to the Tactical Model and Adaptive Strategies beginning with the November 29 rebalance for the month of December. In each case, the focus has been on improving control over the upper bounds of portfolio volatility, improving the consistency of annual returns, and on reducing fund turnover.

In order to provide the fullest possible disclosure, the Chart and Table displays on the website will include tables for both the original (labeled “Repl Dec 2019)” and upgraded Strategy beginning with the next update in early December.

The primary benefit of minor changes to Adaptive Global is reduction in both Standard Deviation of Monthly Returns and the Ulcer Index:.

  • Fund basket and condition eligibility: no change was made to fund baskets or condition eligibility
  • Fund selection: no change to fund selection method (Adaptive Dynamic Momentum)
  • Weighting of selected funds: Volatility Weighting was replaced with Limited Portfolio Volatility Weighting which is employed to cap the expected total portfolio volatility when high volatility funds (especially equities) are used. This slightly reduces both risk and return.
  • Position Optimization: Upgraded which slightly improves holding periods and performance.

Full cycle: CAGR decreased slightly from 15.0% to 14.6%;  Max Monthly Drawdown declined from 8.7% to 7.9%; and the Up/Down Ratio decreased slightly from 228.7% to 228.4%. The Ulcer Index declined from 3.7% to 3.6% and Standard Deviation of Monthly Returns declined from 9.5% to 9.1% reflecting improved consistency of returns.

A Caveat

A 35+ year secular bull market in both equities and bonds began in 1982. The last cyclical bull market in equities (and to a lesser extent, bonds) began 10 years ago. Returns during these periods have been historically exceptional. Market returns for the next 10 years are highly unlikely to approach those of the past 10. In fact, there is at least some evidence that market returns have a high probability of being significantly lower and that bonds and equities (which have risen together) may actually begin working at cross purposes.

Investors should not use the statistics shown for our strategies to establish expectations of specific levels of returns or drawdowns. Investors should, however, appreciate that we believe the principles which underlie the Tactical Adaptive Global, Tactical Adaptive Income, and Tactical Adaptive Innovation Strategies are enduring enough to significantly outperform the market in the future, both in lowering risk and in improving returns.

I will be rolling out upgrades to the Tactical Model and Adaptive Strategies beginning with the November 29 rebalance for the month of December. In each case, the focus has been on improving control over the upper bounds of portfolio volatility, improving the consistency of annual returns, and on reducing fund turnover.

In order to provide the fullest possible disclosure, the Chart and Table displays on the website will include tables for both the original (labeled “Repl Dec 2019)” and upgraded Strategy beginning with the next update in early December.

The primary benefit of changes to Adaptive Income is a broadening of the fund basket and reduction in both Standard Deviation of Monthly Returns and the Ulcer Index:

  • Fund basket and condition eligibility: the number of fixed income ETFs was increased from 5 to 6 to broaden the basket to include an investment grade ETF.
  • Fund selection: no change to fund selection method (Adaptive Dynamic Momentum)
  • Weighting of selected funds: Adaptive Income employed a single selection, 100% weighting to the best performing fund. Limited Portfolio Volatility Weighting is employed to cap the expected total portfolio volatility when higher volatility funds (especially high yield) are used. This forces the allocation across a second, lower volatility fund when the cap is exceeded.
  • Position Optimization: Upgraded which slightly improves holding periods and performance.
  • Full Cycle: CAGR increased slightly from 10.6% to 11.1%; Max Monthly Drawdown increased from 2.9% to 3.8% however Max Daily Drawdown remains unchanged at 7.1%; and the Up/Down Ratio rose from 503.0% to 556.9%. The Ulcer Index declined from 1.3% to 1.2% and Standard Deviation of Monthly Returns declined from 5.6% to 5.1% reflecting improved consistency of returns.

A Caveat

A 35+ year secular bull market in both equities and bonds began in 1982. The last cyclical bull market in equities (and to a lesser extent, bonds) began 10 years ago. Returns during these periods have been historically exceptional. Market returns for the next 10 years are highly unlikely to approach those of the past 10. In fact, there is at least some evidence that market returns have a high probability of being significantly lower and that bonds and equities (which have risen together) may actually begin working at cross purposes.

Investors should not use the statistics shown for our strategies to establish expectations of specific levels of returns or drawdowns. Investors should, however, appreciate that we believe the principles which underlie the Tactical Adaptive Global, Tactical Adaptive Income, and Tactical Adaptive Innovation Strategies are enduring enough to significantly outperform the market in the future, both in lowering risk and in improving returns.

 

I will be rolling out upgrades to the Tactical Model and Adaptive Strategies beginning with the November 29 rebalance for the month of December. In each case, the focus has been on improving control over the upper bounds of portfolio volatility, improving the consistency of annual returns, and on reducing fund turnover.

In order to provide the fullest possible disclosure, the Chart and Table displays on the website will include tables for both the original (labeled “Repl Dec 2019)” and upgraded Strategy beginning with the next update in early December.

This upgrade to Adaptive Innovation improves performance while significantly reducing volatility.

  • Fund basket and condition eligibility: The existing long duration Treasury ETF was added to the eligible funds for Balanced conditions. This allows strongly performing Treasuries to complete effectively with the Innovation equities for selection. A short duration Treasury ETF was added to provide a higher yielding alternative to cash.
  • Fund selection: no change to fund selection method (Adaptive Dynamic Momentum)
  • Weighting of selected funds: Volatility Weighting was replaced with Limited Portfolio Volatility Weighting which is employed to cap the expected total portfolio volatility when the higher volatility Innovation funds are used. This forces the allocation across a second or third fund when the volatility of the primary fund(s) exceeds the cap.
  • Position Optimization: Upgraded which made no change in holding periods and performance.
  • Partial cycle: CAGR increased slightly from 26.3% to 28.4%,  Max Monthly Drawdown and Maximum Daily Drawdown remained unchanged at 12.2% and 19.2% respectively; and the Up/Down Ratio increased from 280.2% to 336.9%. The Ulcer Index declined from 5.6% to 5.1% and Standard Deviation of Monthly Returns declined from 15.7% to 14.9% reflecting improved consistency of returns.

A Caveat

A 35+ year secular bull market in both equities and bonds began in 1982. The last cyclical bull market in equities (and to a lesser extent, bonds) began 10 years ago. Returns during these periods have been historically exceptional. Market returns for the next 10 years are highly unlikely to approach those of the past 10. In fact, there is at least some evidence that market returns have a high probability of being significantly lower and that bonds and equities (which have risen together) may actually begin working at cross purposes.

Investors should not use the statistics shown for our strategies to establish expectations of specific levels of returns or drawdowns. Investors should, however, appreciate that we believe the principles which underlie the Tactical Adaptive Global, Tactical Adaptive Income, and Tactical Adaptive Innovation Strategies are enduring enough to significantly outperform the market in the future, both in lowering risk and in improving returns.